Wildlife and Nature in Peru

Thanks to the location of the Andes, Amazon Rainforest, and the Pacific Ocean, Peru is filled with a vibrant array of biodiversity. There are over 1,800 species of birds, 500 species of mammals, and 300 species of reptiles. There are also some rare cats that live in the jungles like pumas and jaguars and rare endemic species like the yellow-tailed woolly monkey. The Pacific Ocean around Peru is home to sea bass, tuna, crabs, lobsters, sharks, and sperm whales.

Peruvian Llama

Llamas are synonymous with Peru and can be found across the region. The streets of Cuzco are a particular favourite hangout of the animal, as is the Colca Canyon. 

Manu National Park
This famous national park is one of the largest protected parks in the world and is home to over 1,000 species of birds and 200 species of mammals. The park spans highland Andean cloud forests and humid lowland rainforests, so you are sure to see a range of animals here. Glimpse jaguars, pumas, spectacled bears, tapirs, anacondas, black and white caimans, giant anteaters, toucans and macaws.

Bird Watching
With over 1,800 species of birds, Peru is a birdwatcher’s paradise. Some birds you might see here include huge condors flying the skies, masses of seabirds, pink flamingos, toucans, macaws, parrots and parakeets. New species are still being discovered and catalogued all the time. The best place to see birds of every size, shape and colour on your Peru holiday is at Manu Biosphere Reserve. This reserve has the highest concentration of bird species in the world.

Ballestas Islands
Called the ‘Galapagos Islands of Peru’, these unique little islands have eroded to form countless natural caves and arches that are home to thousands of pelicans, penguins and sea lions. The blue-footed booby, seals, guanay guano bird and the tendril also make the island their home. Take a day tour from Paracos near Pisco to see the Paracas Bay and its natural stunning rock formations, as well as the geoglyphs that are similar to the Nazca Lines.