• Aruba


Aruba's Wildlife

Aruba features a dry, desert-like, rocky terrain with a gentle, rolling landscape peppered with cactus plants, aloe and divi divi trees, standing in stark contrast to the turquoise seas and honey-coloured beaches. You will see no large mammals roaming around on holiday in Aruba, however there are a variety of small lizards, geckoes, iguanas, wild donkeys and goats. There are also dozens of species of birds inhabiting the island and a variety of tropical fish fill the oceans.

Sea Turtles Nesting
Between March and September you will notice some of the beaches of Aruba have marked off areas, particularly around Eagle Beach. These areas are the nesting sites of the Sea Turtles that lay their eggs in the sandy beaches of Aruba. Watch the baby turtles hatch, climb onto the sand, and work their way to the ocean’s edge.

Bird Watching
There are around 200 species of wild and exotic birds in Aruba. Pelicans can be seen swooping into the sea for fish, or watch the island pigeons dig in the sand along the beaches for food. The Bubali Bird Sanctuary’s pond is home to numerous exotic birds at sunset, including the Caribbean Parakeet, tropical mockingbirds, cormorants, grebes, and egrets. The bananaquit is one of the most common birds you will see on holiday in Aruba. This tiny, chickadee-looking bird is mostly yellow and enjoys eating sweets.

Wild Donkeys
The local burico (donkey) has been in Aruba since Spanish settlers brought them here, but modern diseases have greatly reduced their numbers. There is now a donkey sanctuary in Aruba where you can even help with the daily chores of feeding and caring for them.

Iguanas and Lizards
The arid, dry heat of Aruba makes it the perfect place to find iguanas and lizards. In fact, half of all known lizard species live in Aruba. You will see iguanas and lizards just about everywhere, but especially in the rock hills outside of town. See the friendly, blue-green kododo blauw, the pega pega, the colourful cousin to the gecko, whiptail lizards, with their long strips down their back, or the green iguana with its uncanny ability to change from dirt brown to bright green.

Thanks to its rich marine life, colourful coral, tropical fish and clear, blue waters, scuba diving is a popular activity in Aruba. The water off the south coast of Aruba is calm and tranquil, as this is the sheltered side of the island. The north side is a bit rougher and the waves hit the island with a more momentum, but diving is still safe and spectacularly beautiful. Off the southern coast between Oranjestad and San Nicholas is a reef called Mangel Alto which offers an abundance of corals and colourful fish. Enjoy reef diving at Baby Beach on the eastern side of Aruba, and Malmok Beach, to the north.