Thanks to its geographic location and environment, there is a very special biodiversity in the Seychelles. These are the oldest oceanic islands on Earth and, while there are no land mammals that occur naturally here, the Seychelles are home to many endemic species that can be found nowhere else, including 242 species of birds. Other wildlife includes the Seychelles magpie robin, the Seychelles warbler, the coconut crab, and numerous species of turtles and tortoises, such as the Aldabra giant tortoises and the hawksbill turtle.
The birds in the Seychelles are rare and unique, with 12 endemic species. Two of the worlds’ rarest birds, the Seychelles white eye and magpie-robin, are found here. The best seabird island is Aride, where you can see noddies, red-tailed tropicbirds, blue pigeons, and fairy terns. See terns, noddies, the Seychelles brush warbler, and magpie-robins on Bird Island, Cousin, and Aride. The striking Seychelles black parrot is found on Praslin and around the Vallée de Mai. The largest island, Mahe offers many sights for bird watching, including the Seychelles blue pigeon, bulbul, and sunbird at the island’s botanical gardens, and the Seychelles scops owl, kestrels, and white-tailed tropicbirds in Morne Seychellois National Park.
The Aldabra Atoll
A raised coral atoll cast like stepping stones across the Indian Ocean in the outer regions of the Seychelles, these four islands surround a tidal lagoon. The islands are home to about 100,000 Aldabra giant tortoises, the coconut crab, the world’s largest land crab, green turtles, hawksbill turtles, barracuda, hammerhead sharks, and a variety of birds, such as the endangered Malagasy sacred ibis, the Aldabra rail, the last flightless bird in the Indian Ocean region, and two species of bats. To visit the stunning Aldabra Atoll, you must get written permission from the Seychelles Island Foundation in Victoria.
Scuba Diving and Snorkelling
The clear turquoise waters of the Indian Ocean offer up to 30 metres of visibility for scuba divers and snorkelers in the Seychelles. The underwater topography includes expansive reefs, wrecks, canyons, and colourful corals teeming with tropical fish. See the hawksbill and green turtles swimming in the waters or laying their eggs in the soft sand. You may also see whale sharks, the largest fish in the world. These gentle plankton-feeders are seen around the Seychelles between August and March.